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Chadha, Rahuljeet, Kalminskii, Grigorii, Tierney, AJ Allison J, Knopf, JD Joshua D, Lazo de la Vega, Lorena, McElrath, Berjana, Kovarik, ML Michelle L, (2018) ' Effect of Loading Method on a Peptide Substrate Reporter in Intact Cells. ' Anal. Chem.
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Abstract:Studies of live cells often require loading of exogenous molecules through the cell membrane; however, effects of loading method on experimental results are poorly understood. Therefore, in this work, we compared three methods for loading a fluorescently-labeled peptide into cells of the model organism Dictyostelium discoideum. We optimized loading by pinocytosis, electroporation, and myristoylation to maximize cell viability and characterized loading efficiency, localization, and uniformity. We also determined how loading method affected measurements of enzyme activity on the peptide substrate reporter using capillary electrophoresis. Loading method had a strong effect on the stability and phosphorylation of the peptide. The half-life of the intact peptide in cells was 19 ? 2, 53 ? 15, and 12 ? 1 min, for pinocytosis, electroporation, and myristoylation, respectively. The peptide was only phosphorylated in cells loaded by electroporation. Fluorescence microscopy suggested that the differences between methods were likely due to differences in peptide localization.
Status: aheadofprint Type: Journal article Source: PUBMED PubMed ID: 30175919