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Pawar, AD Asmita D, Kiran, Uday, Raman, Rajeev, Chandani, Sushil, Sharma, Yogendra, (2019) ' Abundant Perithecial Protein (APP) from Neurospora is a primitive functional analog of ocular crystallins. ' Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
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Abstract:The eye arose during the Cambrian explosion from pre-existing proteins that would have been recruited for the formation of the specialized components of this organ, such as the transparent lens. Proteins suitable for the role of lens crystallins would need to possess unusual physical properties and the study of such earliest analogs of ocular crystallins would add to our understanding of the nature of recruitment of proteins as lens/corneal crystallins. We show that the Abundant Perithecial Protein (APP) of the fungi Neurospora and Sordaria fulfils the criteria for an early crystallin analog. The perithecia in these fungal species are phototropic, and APP accumulates at a high concentration in the neck of the pitcher-shaped perithecium. Spores are formed at the base of the perithecium, and light contributes to their maturation. The hydrodynamic properties of APP appear to exclude dimer formation or aggregation at high protein concentrations. APP is also deficient in Ca2+ binding, a property seen in its close homolog, the calcium-binding cell adhesion molecule (DdCAD-1) from Dictyostelium discoidum. Comparable to crystallins, APP occurs in high concentrations and seems to have dispensed with Ca2+ binding in exchange for greater stability. These crystallin-like attributes of APP lead us to demonstrate that it is a primitive form of ocular crystallins.
Status: aheadofprint Type: Journal article Source: PUBMED PubMed ID: 31255285

Genes addressed in this paper
Topics in this paper
Protein Functional Domain X
Non-mammalian Gene Related X